Archie Shepp (born May 24, 1937) has always been controversial. Part of the black nationalism movement in the sixties, his anger and defiance manifested themselves in such compositions “Malcolm, Malcolm—Semper Malcolm,” from his breakthrough 1965 Impulse! release Fire Music. He blew sax using an aggressive, grating sound, that nevertheless paid homage to the past. Shepp became the jazz world’s Malcolm X. His controversial statements about race relations and justice only added to this perception. This mix begins by showing Shepp’s more funky melodic side, before delving into his more “difficult” music. Give a listen to one of jazz music’s true innovators.